Serbian Medieval culture was very advanced. Many traditions of Western world are based on the Serbian and Slavic in general cultural achievements. One of those achievements, based on Slavic heritage is Sacred Order of the Dragon of Saint George- mighty protector of Christianity, Slavs and whole White race. This Earth didn’t seen Sacred Order which was glorious as this one. There wasn’t Sacred Order with members famous and controversial as members of this Order. All were willing to die for honor and given word. Many of them die. Our Lord Jesus Christ and St. Vitus were witnesses. Order effectively existed about 300 years, and was revived later. Born as Serbian, Order evolved into Slavic Order after call for brotherly support, which was sent from Serbian nobility, because of Ottomans. Soon after, Order become European. Order was always open for Orthodox, Catholics and Protestants. It seams that divisions inside of Christian world didn`t affect this Order.
FROM THE CHAOS
THERE IS ORDER.
FROM THE ORDER
THERE IS THE DRAGON.
WITH THE DRAGON
THERE IS VICTORY.
HAIL DRAGON! HAIL VICTORY!
Serbian Nobleman- Milos Obilic – the original founder of the Dragon Order. He have Dragon on his helmet, as old chronicles and epic poetry remembered.
From the bottom of the hell, via Anatolia, Evil Serpent of Ottoman hordes come to swallow Serbian Empire.
As, respond – Dragon from the oldest Serbian traditions was called once again. Summoned by Serbian Nobleman, Voivoda of Knights Milos Obilich - dragon came. Price was life.
Founder of Order: Cavalier Captain, Voivoda Milos Obilic (1 - Grand Master)
Respective members of Order (proofed):
Despot Stefan Lazarevic of Serbia; 12 Serbian Knights who together with Milos Obilic take part in Kosovo battle, one of them survived; King Alfonso of Spain and Aragon and Naples; Sigismund of Luxembourg, King of Hungary (2 - Grand Master); King Ladislaus II of Poland; Grand Prince Vitovt of Lithuania; Duke Ernst of Austria; Christopher III, Duke of Bavaria and King of Denmark; Pipo of Ozora; Crusader Hunjadi Janos (Sibinjanin Janko- on Serbian), Voivoda of Transylvania and regent of Hungary (4 - Grand Master); Vlad II Dracul, Prince of Walachia; Vlad III the Impaler (Vlad Tepes or Vlad Dracula or Vlad Drãculea); Thomas Duke of Norfolk; Albert von Habsburg (3 - Grand Master); Cardinal Andrew Bathory (Grand Master); Gabor Bethlen (Grand Master); Ivan III Velichy "The Great", Gran Duke of Russia (High Protector of the Order); Polish King, Jan Sobieski (Grand Master); Prince Dmitri Cantemir the Despot of Moldavia (Grand Master); Peter the Great, Tzar of Russia (Grand Master);
NOTE: Candidates for membership in Order (who were among that 12 knights, who fought together with Milos Obilic in Kosovo battle), are next nobleman’s: Voivode Music Stefan and his brother- also Voivode, Knight Damjan Sainovic, Knight Vukosav the Brave; Knight Rad; Knight Radonja; Knight Hrelja Omucevic; Voivoda Ugljesa; Knight Stanisa; Knight Radivoj; Knight Orlin, Knight Marin, Knight Djurica; Knight Petar Kostiljevic; Knight Old (Starac) Niklen; Knight Marcinko; Knights- nine Jugovici brothers and their father Jug Bogdan; Knight Stojan; Knight Zivan, Knight Djurica; Knight Petar Osinjanin; Knight Matijas; Knight bearer of Battle Standard/Lazar`s Flag Pavle Orlovic; Knight Ivan Kosancic; Knight Milan Toplicanin;
NOTE: List of members of the Dragon Order is based on presented links in the thread.
When Christianity clashed with Islam - Kosovo Battle, Jun 28, 1389, St. Vitus day (Sv. Vid/Vidovdan- on Serbian).
IMPERIAL SOVEREIGN TIBERIAN DOBRYNIAN HOUSE OF ROME BYZANTIUM AND RUSSIA
The Order of the Dragon (Also called the Ordo Draconis, Drachenordern and Societas Draconistarum) was consecrated and organized as a crusading order of select nobility under the protection of the Holy Roman Emperor, Sigismund of Luxembourg, in 1408. Its precepts and organization were based on those of the French order of knighthood, the Order of Saint George of Burgundy, but the inspiration for the body came from the tribulations of the Balkan peoples and a secret society that had been founded in Serbia in the late fourteenth century.
The original Order, called the Sacred Order of the Dragon of Saint George, was created by Milos Obilic, the first Serbian to be dubbed a knight in the feudal tradition. Obilic created his order with twelve other knights and the society had a single purpose at its center: The assassination of the Ottoman Sultan, Murad I. Milos Obilic achieved the aim of his organization during the disastrous battle of Kosovo Polje (June 15th, 1389), when he was able to force himself into Murad’s tent and stab the Sultan to death. All the original member of the Dragon Order fell on the field of Kosovo except for one, who survived to become the military tutor of the Serbian Prince, Stefan Lazarevic.
Prince Stefan Lazarevic became a Hungarian vassal and knight of the realm and brought the traditions of the Dragon Order to the attention of Sigismund von Luxembourg, then King of Hungary. Sigismund immediately latched onto the idea of reviving Obilic’s society and, on December 13, 1408, he publicly announced the charter for the Order of the Dragon, a crusading society pledged to the defense of the Christian faith, charity and the protection of Central and Eastern Europe from the Ottoman Turks.
The Order received Papal recognition in 1411 and its ritual and symbols were formalized. The motto of the order would be “O Quam Misericors est Deus,” and the protector of the Order would be Saint George. The symbol of the order was to be the insignia of the dragon, with its tail curved around its neck and the cross of Saint George emblazoned on its flank. Mantles of the order were black with red lining. Knights of the order were required to wear their dragon insignia at all times and some were even buried with their regalia.
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Vlad Dracolya, Prince of Wallachia- most contraversal member of Order from romanized Slavic Wallachia (of old Slavic Dachia)
Vlad Dracolya, the fifteenth century voevod prince, also known as Vlad the Impaler, is best remembered as the inspiration for Bram Stoker's famous novel, Dracula. His true history, in fact, is far more facinating than any vampire story.
Vlad was born in the town of Sighisoara in the early forteen hundreds. He was the second son of the Prince of Wallachia, Vlad Dracul. The country of Wallachia was a principality, meaning that it was ruled by a prince, rather than a king. Dracul was a member of The Order of the Dragon (a position from which he derived his surname). The Order of the Dragon was a group of Slavic rulers and warlords who were sworn to uphold the Christian faith by fighting off the advancing Turks of the Ottoman Empire. Warfare was almost continuous in Wallachia and the surrounding areas at that period of history.
At a young age, perhaps the first battle he participated in, Vlad was taken captive by the Turks, along with his younger brother Radu the Handsome. Vlad and Radu were valuable hostages, being sons of the local prince, so they were taken back to Istanbul, and imprisoned by the Sultan, Mehemet.
When his sons were taken, Dracul had unsuccessfully attempted to bargain with the Turks for their release. This bargaining was viewed as treason by John Hunyadi, (the King of Hungary in fact if not in name, and the most powerful member of the Order of the Dragon.) Hunyadi hired assassins who killed Dracul and his oldest son (Vlad's older brother) Mihnea.
Meanwhile in Istanbul, Sultan Mehemet was trying to indoctrinate Vlad and Radu into Islam, making allies of them. He hoped to use their claim to the Wallachian throne to his advantage. Radu converted quickly, and was released from prison. Vlad, however, was far more stubborn. It has been suggested that Vlad's sadistic tendencies started as a result of his imprisonment by the Sultan.
When Vlad finally seemed subdued, The sultan turned back to the conquest of Wallachia. After taking its capital, he set up Vlad as the new prince. Vlad, however, did not want to be a puppet ruler, so after a few months, he fled the country, going north into Moldavia. Vlad stayed for some time with his cousin, and close friend Steven.
Vlad decided that the only way to oust the Turks, and become the true prince of Wallachia, was to enlist the help of John Hunyadi- the very man who had murdered his father and brother. Vlad was willing to put this aside to defeat their common enemy, the Sultan.
Hunyadi agreed to back Vlad militarily. Vlad and Hunyadi were successfull in driving out Radu, who had been made prince by the Sultan when Vlad escaped. Vlad retook the Wallachian throne, beginning his second, and most infamous reign.
Vlad Dracolya was not a good or kind prince. He had a terrifying habit of repeatedly raiding certain towns in his territory, and murdering great numbers of people. For reasons unknown, the towns selected for these meaningless attacks where often those towns who's populations had largely German ancestory. As a result, most of the remaining written records of Vlad come from pamphlets printed by the Germans on the newly invented printing press. The most famous picture of Vlad is a woodblock print from one of these pamphlets depicting Vlad eating his dinner on a grassy hill surrounded by a forest of impaled bodies.
Most of Vlad's victims were killed by impalement. When killing large numbers of peasants, he would drive them in herds over cliffsides onto beds of spikes below. He also employed methods such as boiling, quartering, decapitation, etc. There are many stories of varying levels of authentication about the dire deeds of Vlad during his second reign. A few of them go as follows:
Once, two ambassadors from the Sultan came with a message for Vlad. When they entered his throne room, he asked them to remove their turbans. It was considered rude to address the prince without taking off one's hat. The Turks, however, took exception to this request. For one thing, Vlad and the Sultan where not on good terms, so insulting him really didn't seem to matter, and just as importantly, the turbans were not just headgear, they were a symbol of the Muslim religion. The Turks refused, not knowing just how serious a mistake it was to insult Vlad. Vlad immediately ordered his guards to sieze them, and then stated that if they were so unwilling to part with the turbans, that they should be nailed to their heads. Vlad then watched in satisfaction as the Turks writhed and screamed as large nails were driven into their skulls.
Just as Vlad reacted violently to insult, he responded very well to flattery. Once a messenger was sent to Vlad from king Mathias of Hungary. It was unknown what news the messenger brought, but it angered Vlad. Vlad invited the messenger to eat dinner with him personally. Before the meal, Vlad asked the messenger:
"Do you know why I have asked you here?"
The man knew Vlad's reputation, knew he was angry, and saw two soldiers standing behind Vlad, holding a gold tipped spear. Thinking fast, he replied :
"I do not know, but I know you are a wise and great ruler, and no matter what you command, even if you were to command my death, it should be done."
Vlad motioned the soldiers away, and said "Had you not answered so well, I would have impaled you on the spot."
He then showered the messenger with gifts, and sent him back to Mathias.
Wallachia had been, for the most part, free from invasion during Vlad's second reign, but a new Sultan, Suiliman II had come to power, and the Ottoman Empire once again turned its eyes toward Wallachia.
Vlad was informed by his spies of the great power of the approaching Turkish army. He knew that his forces could not win in open battle, and that he lacked the resources to survive a long siege, so he undertook a very desperate venture. In the middle of the night, Vlad personally led a small elite force into the Turkish camp in the hopes of taking the Sultan off guard and killing him. If the Sultan died, the Turkish troops would be so demoralised that they might retreat. Thanks to the element of suprise, and excellent knowledge of the local terrain, Vlad's midnight offensive was almost successful. The Sultan was wounded, although not fatally, and Vlad's entire force escaped without casualties. (this battle was recorded in great detail by a Turkish soldier)
But the attack did not stop the Turkish army. Vlad retreated to his castle at Targoviste, and prepared to flee. His wife, believing that escape was impossible, committed suicide by leaping off of a cliff into a river. The river was afterwards known as the Princess River. Vlad was hit by a second tragedy as he and his servants escaped through the forest on horseback-- the servant who was carrying Vlad's infant son dropped him. The pursuing Turks were too close to risk turning back to look for the child, so they were forced to leave him behind. In one day Vlad had lost both his home and his family.
Seeking help, Vlad went to King Mathias of Hungary-- but Vlad's evil deeds finally caught up with him. People from some of the villages most persecuted by Vlad had gotten to Mathias first. They told the king that Vlad was an ally of the Turks, and coming as a spy. When Vlad arrived, he was immediately thrown into prison.
The Turks did not stay long in Targoviste. They were greeted by the impaled heads of several of their spies. Before fleeing, Vlad had set fire to the city, rendering it into ruins. The Turks took the city anyway, but after only a few days, Black Plague broke out among the soldiers, and they were forced to retreat out of Wallachia.
Vlad was imprisoned for several months, but he caught the eye of Ilona, King Mathias's sister. She used her influence with her brother to have Vlad freed, and they were married. Vlad was partially pardoned, but he was required to stay within the city. He was given a large home, and lived there for several years with his new wife, who bore him another son.
Once Mathias considered him an ally again, Vlad was free to go, so he returned to Wallachia and reclaimed the throne for the third and final time. He built a new capital, Bucharesti (now Bucharest, the capital of modern-day Romania)
Shortly after retaking his throne, A peasant came to Vlad with a young boy, saying that he had found him in the forest years ago on the night of the Turkish attack. The boy was Vlad's lost son. The boy was returned to Vlad, and the peasant was greatly rewarded.
Vlad died in battle, over the age of fifty. He will always be remembered. Many remember him as a cruel fiend. Some remember him as a proud and fierce defender of his homeland. He was, perhaps, both.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Order of the Dragon
The Order of the Dragon (German: Drachenorden; Latin: Societas Draconistrarum) is an order of selected nobles modeled on the Order of Saint George of Burgundy. The order was created by Serbs, but originally commissioned in 1408 by Sigismund, the Holy Roman Emperor (while still king of Hungary) and his second wife (Barbara Cilli) in order to protect the royal family. Members of the Order were known as draconists.
Origins of the Order
Milos Obilic, a Serbian knight, had created the secret order of the Dragon of Saint George. His shield represented the sun with twelve rays and there were twelve knights, himself included, belonging to this order. As a distinctive sign, they wore a dragon on their helmet. The aim of the order was the death of the Ottoman Sultan Murad I.
Thomas A. Emmert. Serbian Golgotha, Kosovo, 1389, New York, 1990. [selections, translated texts relating to the "Kosovo Legend."]
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Comment pp. 85-87, by Benedict Kuripesic, who wrote in 1530, three decades after Mihailovic's Chronicle, a travel description of the Balkan peninsula in which he also included a description of the Battle of Kosovo. He was a Latin translator in an austrian embassy to Istanbul and the court of Suleyman the Magnificant.
``Oh, Obilic, did not everyone think that you would get revenge on your displeased lord and your jealous ones with their misfortune and that you would surrender them into the arms of the enemy? But you got revenge in a Christian way and turned evil to good. You gave your life for your slanderers and saved your homeland from the enemy's hand. In this you remind us of two Romans: Gaius Mucius Scaevola, who burned his own hand so that he could not carry out his plan in a similar situation, and Marcus Curtius, who jumped into a ravine and died in order to save his homeland.
From that time on not a single Turkish emperor allows anyone to kiss his foot, only his hand. Whomever the emperor receives and to whomever he offers his hand to kiss, that one is held by both arms by two pashas so that no one can do what Obilic did. That is everything, Oh Obilic, in memory of your heroism!``
Serbian St. Knez - Kralj (King) Lazar Hrebeljanovic, who led Serbian Army Vs. Ottoman Turcic hordes of Sultan Murad I, in Kosovo Battle. Both leaders died.
Comment - pp. 93-95: From the second half of the fifteenth century, Ducas, in his History of the Byzantines, shows a warm emphathy for the Serbs:
``In that same year Orkhan, the ruler of the Turks, died bequeathing his dominion to his son Murad who, having become the master of the Thracian cities, besieged Adrianople and took possession of all of Thessaly with the exception of Thessaloniki. Since he now held practically all the lands of the Romans, he advanced to the Triballi [Serbs]. He destroyed many of their fortresses and towns and took their inhabitants captive; he then transported them to the Asiatic shore over the straits of the Chersonese. When Lazar, the son of Sstefan, kral of Serbia, and himself kral of Serbia at that time, beheld these things, he assembled all his forces and joined battle with the tyrant; many fell on both sides. There took place afterwards an incredibly novel stratagem. A young Serb nobleman, who was more daring than any other man of his time, separated himself from the Christian phalanx, as though he were deserting, and fell into the midst of the Turkish ranks. When the Turks immediately laid hands on him, he called out the ruler's name, saying, 'I wish to see him and tell him something secretly so that he can win this battle; this is the reason I have deserted.' They presented him to the ruler. As Murad motioned with his hand for the youth to approach, he rushed forward and, when near enough, mortally wounded Murad by plunging a sword into his heart; he then was hacked to pieces by Murad's axe-bearers and bodyguards.
When the Turks behld this unexpected and novel deed, they could not allow such an evil suddenly to befall them before their eyes without retaliating. They conceived a clever and very deceptive plan. Pitching a tent in the center of the battle formations, they placed the half dead Murad within and, undaunted by the many dangers, fought their way like rabid dogs to the front ranks. The Serbs, on the other hand, were ignorant of the great deed accomplished on their behalf by the brave youth which had resulted in the loss to the Turks of their ruler. Because their worthy commander was losing the anticipated victory, they despaired and faintheartedly resisted the Turks and the battle came to an end. Lazar was captured with most of the nobles. The Turks led Lazar and all his subordinates into the tent where Murad lay breathing his last and slew them. Thus both they and Murad suffered death together.``
NOTE: Old chronicle often use word Tribali for Serbs.
No matter on the efforts of the Dragon Order, Europe (except Russia and sometimes Poland) in general didn’t do much to support Balkans against Ottoman Turks. In fact, European West profits a lot of from our disaster. And, profits even now from its schemes with Turks and Semitics in general. Shame!
In his book My Inventions*, published in 1919, but written years earlier, famous Serbian scientist and inventor, who was born in Serb Krajina- Nikola Tesla, wrote:
``Hardly is there a nation which has met with a sadder fate than the Serbians. From the height of its splendour, when the empire embraced almost the entire northern part of the Balkan peninsula, and a large portion of what is now Austria, the Serbian nation was plunged into abject slavery, after the fateful battle of 1389 at the Kosovo Polje, against the overwhelming Asian hordes. Europe can never repay the great debt it owes to the Serbians for checking, by the sacrifice of their liberty, that barbarous influx.``
From Serbian folklore...
Serbian Life and Culture
``Serbian folk believed that the Balkans were inhabited by different half-gods or demons: dragons, fairies, vampires, witches. The greatest heroes of the Serbian folk tradition were born out of the union of dragons with mortal women, or fairies with mortal men. The dragons protect people, defend the faith, care about fertility, and keep off demons that carry on disease. Their offspring begotten with mortals are branded with a special "dragon sign" and are exceptionally brave and capable. Many heroes of the epic oral poetry belong to this sort of people - Milos Obilic, Banovic Strahinja, Kraljevic Marko. There are also water dragons, carriers of negative influences. Fairies of Serbian beliefs remind us of Greek nymphs. They live near running waters - springs, rivers, and when angry they stop their flow. They also live in the clouds and they can give exceptional strength to warriors whom they had fed with their milk.
There are three main myths in the Serbian folk and popular tradition. The most important among them is the Kosovo legend, which grew around the terrible defeat suffered by the Serbian army, annihilated by Turks at the battle of Kosovo in 1389. Events connected with that historical tragedy acquired mythical proportions in the folk tradition and folk poetry, and took on many details and meanings derived from the Christian tradition. Thus Prince Lazar and his knights became identified with Christ and the martyrs, the Prince's son-in-law Vuk Brankovic with Judas, and Milos Obilic, who slew Turkish sultan Murat, with saintly warriors.``
Lazarevic`s family Coat of Arms (of Knez Lazar Hrebeljanovic and his son Despot Stefan Lazarevic). NOTE: On the shield is Nemanjic`s Imperial, dynastic, two headed Eagle (white, on red shield) and Dragon protects the shield. That is Dragon of the Sacred Order of the Dragon of Saint George (with cross on him). Despot Stefan was first Nobleman who together with new Grand Master- Sigismund of Luxembourg consolidates the Dragon Order. On the Dragon and shield is Knez Lazar`s helmet with bull horns- ancient and traditional mark for Serbian warlords.
Little of Serbian epic poetry (Kosovo cycle)...
The Death of the Mother of the nine Yugovich brothers
Dear God! How great the wonder of it all-
When the army fell on level Kosovo
With all the Yugovich in its ranks-
Nine brave brothers and the tenth, their father!
The mother of the Yugovich prays
That God will give her quick eyes of a falcon
And a swan's white wings that she might fly
Out over Kosovo, that level plain,
And see the Yugovich- all nine brothers
And their father, noble old Yug Bogdan.
And God Almighty grants her what she asks-
Eyes of a falcon, white wings of a swan-
And out she flies over level Kosovo
And finds the Yugovich lying slain-
All nine brothers, and the tenth, Yug Bogdan.
Driven in the ground nine lances stand
With nine gray falcons perching on their ends;
Beside the lances nine brave horses wait,
And near the horses nine grim rampant lions.
She hears the horses neigh, the lions roar,
The nine gray falcons scream and croak and caw,
And still her heart is cold as any stone
And no tears rise at all, and no tears fall.
Then she takes with her the nine brave horses,
And she takes with her the rampant lions,
And she takes with her the nine gray falcons-
Slowly leads them off to her white castle.
From far away her sons' nine wives could see her-
And out they walk before the castle tower:
And as the mother hears the widows weeping
She hears the horses neigh, the lions roar,
The nine gray falcons scream and croak and caw.
And still her heart is cold as any stone
And no tears rise at all, and no tears fall.
When it is very late, when it is midnight,
Damian's gray horse begins to scream;
The mother goes to Damian's wife and asks:
"O dearest daughter, my son's beloved wife,
Why does Damian's stallion scream like this?
Is he hungry for the choicest wheat?
Does he thirst for cool Zvechan waters?"
And the wife of Damian answers her:
"O my mother, mother of my Damian,
The stallion does not scream for choicest wheat,
Neither does he thirst for Zvechan waters;
Damian used to feed him oats till midnight,
And at midnight he would ride the roads;
The horse is grieving for his noble master-
That he did not bring him here upon his back."
And still the mother's heart is cold as any stone,
And no tears rise at all, and no tears fall.
When dawn has broken early in the morning,
Two black ravens fly up to the castle,
Their wings all red and bloody to the shoulders
And their beaks all foaming with white foam.
They carry there a warrior's severed hand
With a wedding ring upon its finger
And they drop it in the mother's lap.
The mother of the Yugovich takes the hand
And stares at it, turns it in her lap,
And then she calls to Damian's faithful wife:
"O my daughter, beloved wife of Damian,
Do you know whose severed hand this is?"
And the wife of Damian answers her-
"O dearest Lady, mother of my husband,
This is the hand of Damian, your son;
I know because I recognize this ring
Which is the ring I gave him at our wedding."
Again the mother takes the severed hand
And stares at it, turns it in her lap:
Softly then she speaks to that white hand.
"O dear dead hand, O dear unripe green apple,
Where did you grow, where were you torn away?
Dear God! you grew upon this mother's lap
And you were torn away upon the plain of Kosovo!"
And now the mother can endure no more
And so her heart swells and breaks with sorrow
For the Yugovich- all nine brothers
And the tenth of them, Yug Bogdan.